Effect of Teaching through Songs on Speaking Skills in English among Early Graders of Pakistan

Muhammad Samiullah 

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Teaching with Songs on increase of English speaking skills among early graders of public sector schools in Bahawalpur. The relevant research revealed that speaking skills can be developed if kids are taught with the songs. The pretest-posttest equivalent control group design, that is, Experimental design was used. To carry out this investigation two classes from one school were selected to collect data for the purpose. 60 students were conveniently selected for experimentation. There were 30 participants in each group. An oral test to assess speaking skills had been developed and pilot tested at a smaller group of students. After pilot testing, minor changes were incorporated. The pre-test was administered to control and experimental groups. Intervention lessons were delivered in the experimental classrooms only, comprising 15 songs which were rehearsed by the young learners as well. The same pre-test was used as the post-test as well. The responses of the kids on speaking skills tests were recorded and evaluated in the light of scoring rubrics. They were rechecked by relevant class instructors for inter-rater reliability. The data were analyzed using t-statistics and the software SPSS. Results of the research showed that songs had a noteworthy influence on the increase of speaking skills among ECE level learners. The outcomes of the research are worthwhile for teachers, curriculum specialists, syllabi designers and policy makers. In addition, song is suggested for teaching different aspects related to speaking in English.

Permanent link to this article: http://jecce.aiou.edu.pk/?p=370