An Analytical Study of Early Childhood Education Facilities in Public and Private Sector Schools in Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Nadia Nazir, Nazir Haider Shah, Shazia Zamir


The purpose of this study was to analyze a situation of ECE facilities available in public and private sector schools in AJ&K. The main objective of the study was to assess the availability of physical, academic, ports and learning environment facilities for ECE in public and private sector schools in AJ&K. The study was descriptive in nature and a quantitative approach was applied for conducting the research. A questionnaire was used for the collection of data from respondents. The sample consisted of 100 teachers, which were 50 from the public sector and 50 from the private sector by using a disproportionate stratified random sampling technique. A questionnaire consisted of 46 items with four subscales was used in this study. Mean, standard deviation and t-test was used to analyze the data. Expert opinion was taken to check the validity of questionnaire. Cronbach’s Alpha of the questionnaire was .705. The result of the study revealed that the availability of all four facilities is better in public sector schools than private sector schools. It is recommended that resources of teaching and learning for early childhood education need to be increased. It is also suggested that the curriculum for ECE should also be revised and implemented in private sector schools of AJ&K.

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