Teaching Activities and Facilities for Pre-School Children in District Karak


Pre-school education is offered in the government primary schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. Very little attention is given to the pre-school aged children in these schools. Therefore, this study was carried to explore teaching activities and facilities for Pre-school Children in district Karak. The objectives of the study were to explore the availability of teaching facilities and to investigate teachers’ teaching activities while teaching pre-school children in the government primary schools. The population of the study were all the 438 head teachers of government primary schools for boys of district Karak, KP, Pakistan. Total 216 head teachers were selected as sample through proportionate cluster random sampling technique. The study was descriptive and survey method was adopted. Self-developed questionnaire was used for the collection of data. Data was analyzed through descriptive statistics and the use of Chi Square (χ2) test. Non availability of Audio-Visual (AV) aids, unavailability of specialized teachers and the absence of separate classroom for preschool children were major findings of the study. Ensuring of AV aids, construction of additional classroom, recruitment of specialized preschool teachers and arrangement of refresher courses for them are the major recommendations of the study.

Javed Mustafa, Zafar Saleem, Gulap Shahzada

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